Blogtrotters

Showing posts with label [washint]. Show all posts
Showing posts with label [washint]. Show all posts

Friday, September 30, 2016

Orchestra Ethiopia - The Blue Nile Group [1969] [ethiopia]










       Orchestra Ethiopia was an Ethiopian performing group formed in 1963 by the Egyptian-born American composer and ethnomusicologist Halim El-Dabh (born 1921). The group, which was founded in Addis Ababa, comprised up to 30 traditional instrumentalists, vocalists, and dancers from many different Ethiopian regions and ethnic groups (including Amhara, Tigray-Tigrinia, Oromo, Welayta, and Gimira). It was the first ensemble of its type, as these diverse instruments and ethnic groups previously had never played together. For a time, due to El-Dabh's efforts, the Orchestra was in residence at the Creative Arts Centre of Haile Selassie I University (now Addis Ababa University).





Orchestra Ethiopia ‎– The Blue Nile Group [full album]




           Its main instruments included krar (medium lyre), masenqo (one-string fiddle), begena (large lyre), washint (end-blown flute with finger holes), embilta (end-blown flute without finger holes), malakat (straight trumpet), kabaro (drum), and other percussion instruments. On occasion, it also used the tom, an mbira-like instrument.

           Many of Orchestra Ethiopia's performances were theatrical in nature, such as the drama The Potter, which was arranged by El-Dabh.








             Following El-Dabh's departure from Ethiopia in 1964, subsequent directors included John G. Coe, an American Peace Corps volunteer (1964-1966); and Tesfaye Lemma (1966-1975), both of whom composed and arranged for the group. During Lemma's tenure as director, in 1968, another American Peace Corps volunteer, the Harvard-educated Charles Sutton, Jr., was assigned by the Peace Corps to assist the Orchestra as Administrator, a position in which he continued until 1970. Sutton had arrived in Ethiopia in 1966 and, immediately attracted to Ethiopia's traditional music, actually mastered the masenqo, studying with Orchestra member Getamesay Abebe. He began performing with the Orchestra in March 1967 (playing masenqo and singing in Amharic), at Lemma's invitation. The group performed frequently in hotels and at the U.S. Embassy in Addis Ababa, and appeared on national radio (including Radio Voice of the Gospel) and television. The group also had an audience with Emperor Haile Selassie I.










              In the spring of 1969, due to the efforts of Sutton and the Peace Corps, Orchestra Ethiopia toured the Midwest and East Coast of the United States, under the name "The Blue Nile Group". The group performed in twenty cities, including Manhattans Town Hall and The Ed Sullivan Show (in early March).

                The group released two LP recordings, both entitled Orchestra Ethiopia. The first, subtitled "The Blue Nile Group", was released on Tempo Records c. 1969; and the second was released on Blue Nile Records, in 1973 or 1974. The Orchestra was also featured in a National Geographic documentary film entitled Ethiopia: The Hidden Empire (1970). By 1975, due to the upheavals caused by the Derg revolution, the group finally disbanded, although many of its musicians continued to perform with other groups, and as soloists. The group's washint player, Melaku Gelaw, lives and continues to perform and record in Washington, D.C.; Tesfaye Lemma, now retired, lives in Washington, D.C. Masenqo player Getamesay Abebe and drummer, vocalist, and star dancer Zerihun Bekkele, both retired, continue to live in Ethiopia. Washint player Yohannes Afework, who had replaced Gelaw, lives in Addis Ababa and is retired from the Mazegajabet (Municipality) Orchestra. Coe, the former Executive Director of the Wyoming Arts Council, is now retired and living in Wyoming; and Sutton performs today as a jazz pianist in Connecticut (and continues to play masenqo for special occasions). Several other of the Orchestra's members have died in Ethiopia.

                  A selection of the Orchestra's archival recordings transferred from reel to reel audiotape to audio CDs by the Ethiopian-American engineer Andrew Laurence was released in Europe in late 2007, and was released in the United States in February 2008, as the 23rd volume in Buda Musique's Ethiopiques CD series, with the liner notes having been prepared by Sutton and Lemma.











            In 2007, a recording entitled Zoro Gettem (Reunion) was released on the Nahom Records label; the CD, recorded in Washington, D.C. in September 2006, features four of the Orchestra's former members (Charles Sutton, Getamesay Abbebe, Melaku Gelaw, and Tesfaye Lemma) performing repertoire they had performed together in the late 1960s.





A1 Gonderinna Gojjam (Vocals: Zerihun Bekkele) (3:43)
A2 Yesergey Ilet (Vocals: Tsehay Indale) (4:06)
A3 Himem, Himemey (Vocals: Kebbede Weldemariam) (3:44)
A4 Hodey Lahodey (Vocals: Almaz Getachew) (2:18)
A5 Ambassel (Washint: Yohannes Afework, Krar: Kebbede                                                                                                         Weldemariam) (2:36)



B1 Mesenko (Vocals: Charles Sutton) (3:16)
B2 Muzikachin (Vocals: Tsehay Indale, Yeshi Mebratey) (3:36)
B3 Mikir Fellega (Vocals: Charles Sutton, Kebbede Weldemariam, Areru                                                                                                Shegen) (3:20)
B4 Imbilta (Imbiltas: Areru Shegen, Ishete Gebremeskel, Nadew Kassa)                                                                                                             (2:03)
B5 Wichinna Beyt (Vocals: Kebbede Weldemariam, Tsehay Indale,                                                               Zerihun Bekkele, Yeshi Mebratey) (4:25)


The Orchestra Ethiopia is directed by Tesfaye Lemma.



Thursday, August 25, 2016

Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohanes Afework ‎– Traditionelle Musik Aus Äthiopien [1994] [ethiopia]










One of the best album of traditional ethiopian music.






Alemayehu Fanta, Aklilu Gebretsadik and Yohannes Afework @ Fendika






Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 01 - Selamta (4:18)
Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 02 - Sengo Megin - Zerafewa (5:14)
Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 03 - Ambassel (3:53)
Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 04 - Fanno Fanno (3:39)
Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 05 - Medina Zelesenya (5:28)
Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 06 - Bati (5:18)
Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 07 - Ethiopia Hagere (3:56)
Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 08 - Keto Aikerim Motu (3:48)
Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 09 - Gojam Gonder (5:43)
Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 10 - Abebayehoi (3:57)
Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 11 - Bati Bati (4:40)
Alemayehu Fantaye & Yohannes Afework - 12 - Shemonmwane (4:56)



Friday, May 27, 2016

Anemut Kinde - Tizeta (Best of Ethiopian Traditional Instrument) [2001] [ethiopia]









            The washint is an end-blown wooden flute originally used by the Amhara people in Ethiopia. The washint is common in the highlands. Traditionally, Amharic musicians would pass on their oral history through song accompanied by the washint as well as the krar, a six stringed lyre, and the masenqo, a one string fiddle.





Anemut Kinde - Washint



         The washint can be constructed using wood, bamboo, or other cane. Varieties exists in different lengths and relative fingerhole placement, and a performer might use several different flutes over the course of a performance to accommodate different song types. It generally has four finger-holes, which allows the player to create a pentatonic scale.

         The washint is widely used traditional musical instrument. It is typically played by Ethiopian shepherds while herding cattle. The bamboo flute usually has four to six holes. Ethiopian youth learn to play this instrument at a very early age. 

           Yohannes Afework, a member of the famous Orchestra Ethiopia of the 1960s, and Animut Kinde are among the most popular players of this instrument.




Anemut Kinde - 01. Balageru (6:03)
Anemut Kinde - 02. Kesemayu Belay (6:48)
Anemut Kinde - 03. Ayine Hulgeze (4:44)
Anemut Kinde - 04. Yetosa Terara (6:49)
Anemut Kinde - 05. Ehehe (6:54)
Anemut Kinde - 06. Tew Erese Gebere (4:56)
Anemut Kinde - 07. Meniew Teleyechgne (6:28)
Anemut Kinde - 08. Welo Gerageru (6:48)
Anemut Kinde - 09. Belew (4:41)
Anemut Kinde - 10. Alteweyayenem (4:07)
Anemut Kinde - 11. Etete Beredegne (5:21)
Anemut Kinde - 12. Amesgnoshale (4:30)



Thursday, October 3, 2013

Animut Kinde - washint player [Enemut Kinde]


   R   E   U   P   L   O   A   D   





01. Animut Kinde - Minim Salasibew (6:11)

02. Animut Kinde - Asa Bebirbira (6:32)
03. Animut Kindie - Yanmute Tizita 02 (5:15)
04. Animut Kinde - Qonjit (4:52)
05. Animut Kinde - Batty (5:33)
06. Animut Kinde - OuOuta (4:35)
07. Animut Kinde - Tizeta (4:45)
08. Animut Kinde - Kenawtie (6:32)
09. Animut Kinde - Dinget Salasbew (6:08)
10. Animut Kinde - Yematbela Wef (2:23)
11. Animut Kinde - Washint (4:34)



Wednesday, October 2, 2013

Yohannes Afework - Washint Melodies [2001]



                        R  E  U  P  L  O  A  D   



       The washint is an end-blown wooden flute originally used by the Amhara people in Ethiopia. Traditionally, Amharic musicians would pass on their oral history through song accompanied by the washint as well as the krar, a six stringed lyre, and the masenqo, a one string fiddle.


       The washint can be constructed using wood, bamboo, or other cane. Varieties exists in different lengths and relative fingerhole placement, and a performer might use several different flutes over the course of a performance to accommodate different song types. It generally has four finger-holes, which allows the player to create a pentatonic scale.






Don't know much about Yohannes Afework's album "Washint Melodies" from 2001, but music is beautiful and relaxing ... 


Enjoy rural Ethiopian soundscapes !!




Monday, September 30, 2013

v.a. - [1992] - Music from Ethiopia [Caprice]



       This recording gives rich samples of the sounds of tradition in urban musical life in Ethiopia today. The ancient ceremonial music played on the embilta flutes or the vocal art of Alemayehu Fanta or Gebre Hiwot Lemma represent older traditions. The group Sne Bahel offers samples of singing and music which accompanies lively traditional dances from the Oromo and Wollaita ethnic groups. Modern pop music is represented in six tracks by the Abyssinia Band. 




       A really nifty release, Caprice has combined two forms of urban music usually rigidly separated: professionally performed "traditional" music for krar, flute, voice, and Ethio-soul by electric groups that play the real local thing rather than the crossover material we're usually offered. The result is splendid: very varied and splendidly performed music and truth-in-classification.











01. Lemma Gebre Hiwot - Medina / Zelesegna (4:50)
02. Abyssinia band - Yedejih abeba negn [Hanna Shenkute] (6:44)
03. Yohannes Afework - Ambassel (4:29)
04. Abyssinia band - Mis men gidifkini [Girmai Biable] (4:18)
05. Asnakech Worku - Tizita (4:45)
06. Abyssinia band - Endenew yisemah [Hanna Shenkute] (5:30)
07. Areru Shegane, Teka Tema, Yohannes Afework - Tigrigna (3:16)
08. Yared Orchestra - Alegntaye (5:30)
09. Alemayehu Fanta - Salamta (3:00)
10. Abyssinia band - Yiberral libbe [Dawit Mellese] (4:23)
11. Sne Bahel - Haya wolalome (2:29)
12. Alemayehu Fanta - Anchihoyelene / Tizita (7:03)
13. Abyssinia band - Esketayew [Dawit Mellese] (4:35)
14. Sne Bahel - Dowa dowe (3:22)
15. Abyssinia band - Tizita [Hanna Shenkute] (7:11)